It has oyster-shaped or fan, often Clustered, imbricated with other hats, sometimes several. The color ranges from purplish-brown, reddish-brown or whitish-gray; the margin is convoluted, smooth, but at maturity tends to flattening trend with lumpy-lobed, also presenting fractures . The diameter can measure from 5 to 25 cm.
The "cardoncello" grows wild in Puglia and Basilicata, where it is called "cardungìdde" in Altamura and Gravina, the Murgia, Valle d'Itria, Gargano and northern Salento (cardunceddhu). It is also present in Sardinia, where is known as "de cardolinu Petza" (mushroom meat) or "antunna". Fleshy, convex, then depressed in the center, convoluted margin, slightly velvety; whitish, then brownish; 3-10 cm in diameter. the color changes depending on the climate clearer when exposed to the sun.
Mushroom highly regarded and widely marketed worldwide. Off up to 12 cm, sometimes even more than before ovoideo, then hemispherical, convex, finally; very fleshy and white in color, often it presents brownish scales. The pulp is white, slightly tacking to red when exposed to air.
One of the most popular mushrooms; without doubt the species is harvested and eaten everywhere. Manages excellent cooked in oil, parsley, garlic and chilli, alone or as a side dish. Lends itself well to conservation, both pickled and dried. In the latter mode is used to flavor various dishes or other mushrooms, for this reason is called "parsley mushrooms" .
The Agrocybe aegerita, commonly known as Piopparello or Pioppino, is one of the most delicious, fragrant and popular edible mushrooms. It's kind saprofita rather adaptable that lends itself very well to the artificial cultivation, strains sawmills (Poplar or elderberry) partially buried and moist, but do not flood the surrounding land as an excess of water can completely inhibit the formation of carpophores.
It is symbiotic mushroom, gregarious, which can develop into many groups of specimens. The ancient Romans called these mushrooms Suillus for their appearance generally squat and massive, and the term porcini it is the exact translation. They can easily reach large: are frequent findings in specimens weighing more than one or two kilograms. The hat is hemispherical when young, thick, meaty, with the margin closed on the stem, then flattened and finally with the lobes raised. Meat soda first, then soft, white. The fleshy stem robust, squat first, then slender, often swollen at the base.
Basidiomycete mushroom from Asia and is currently the second most consumed edible mushroom in the world. It is more commonly known by the name of shiitake (mushroom which means oak). Has a hat circular or kidney-shaped, 5-12 cm in diameter, first convex, then flattened , with a little evident umbo. A cuticle brown-ocher or brown-violet, covered with whitish warts, arranged in circles, which disappear with age.
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