Basil (Ocimum basilicum L., 1753) is an annual herbaceous plant belonging to the family of Lamiaceae, usually grown as an aromatic plant. Originally from India, basil is used in the kitchen typically Italian and Asian cuisines in Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos , because of the sharp scent of the leaves, depending on the variety that can be more or less sweet or pungent.
Mint (genus Mentha) is a herbaceous perennial , stoloniferous, strongly aromatic, from the typical pungent and spicy, which belongs to the family of Labiatae (Lamiaceae). It grows massively in tuttaEuropa, Asia and Africa and prefers both positions in full sun to half shade, but can also withstand cold temperatures. Well known since the time of Egyptians and Romans, it was used by Galen comepianta medicine.
Origan is a kind of aromatic plants, herbaceous or sub-shrub, belonging to the family of Lamiaceae and comprising about 45-50 species mainly originating in the Mediterranean basin. Origan is an herb commonly used in Mediterranean cuisine because of its intense and stimulating scent. It is used in many preparations of meat and fish, salads and pizza. The kitchens of Southern Italy and Sicily will make great use.
RED CHILLY PEPPER
The chili (Capsicum annuum) belongs to the Solanaceae family, such as potatoes, tomatoes, tobacco; It is an annual plant and was imported from America by Christopher Columbus after his discovery. Plant from the erect stem, ovate lanceolate , solitary white flowers, oblong fruit that goes from green to yellow and then to red. The drug is made from the fruit that contains capsaicin, oily substance rubefacient , and capsaicin, responsible for the burning taste.
Parsley is a plant that we use a lot in the kitchen and yet few know that it is an excellent source of myricetin, which is a powerful anti-cancer drugs . Several studies showed that this flavonol plays a chemopreventive against skin cancer and, moreover, is contained in other foods such as cakes, currants and cranberries. But not just that the benefit it brings myricetin, in fact, a recent study found that extracts of the seeds you can get biologically active against liver cancer. Other studies have shown that this substance is able to reduce the level of blood sugar and decrease insulin resistance, providing for more anti-inflammatory action.
Rosemary is one of the most aromatic plants known. Very appreciated in the kitchen and part of the natural remedies, the properties of Rosmarinus officinalis make it advisable for a variety of important disorders. Among the possible applications, especially the welfare of the upper respiratory tract. Inside the place is a wide variety of rosemary essential oils among which the eucalyptus, which gives this aromatic plant good balsamic.
SAKURA (cherry blossoms)
Sakura is the Japanese national flower. Cherry blossoms can be eaten. Yes, flowers are eaten! I am an edible part of plants, just like the fruits, roots, leaves, seeds. They are used to flavor ice creams, sorbets and other desserts. They have flu and toning properties.
The fruit of ginger contains the active ingredients of the plant essential oil (composed mainly of zingiberene), and gingerols shogaoli (principles responsible for the pungent flavor), resins and mucilage, and has a more pronounced flavor and aroma typical they see it widely used as a spice, especially in the form dried and powdered , or fresh in thin slices.
Composed to 93 % water, the plant of rhubarb is also composed of fibers (1.7%), carbohydrates, proteins and sugars. Also present some vitamins, especially of groups A and B , while there are a limited extent also the C, D, K and J. In rhubarb we find also the presence of minerals, including calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, potassium and selenium. There are also various measures contained gallic acid, cinnamic acid and tannic acid.
Root used for both the strong and spicy taste, and for the beneficial properties. The components of the horseradish are widely studied for their antibacterial and antibiotic properties, when consumed fresh, for the other vitamin C concentration (79.31 mg of vitamin C per 100g of horseradish raw).
Shamrock leaves are diuretic, refreshing, decongestant, purifying, astringent and lower fever. They have a strong sour taste caused by the presence of oxalic acid (even at concentrations greater than 1%). From the leaves can be obtained infusions , a refreshing drink similar to lemonade, while eaten raw can be used to disinfect small mouth ulcers.
The sage's leaves has an intense aroma with hints of spice. They are used as fresh or dried, given that retain well enough the aroma even after a certain time. The Sage is primarily used in the kitchen. Due to its components, sage is used in herbal medicine, even for curative use or as a medicament.
Chives are an aromatic plant which, despite its name, is part of the great family of the garlic. So, in addition to finding a great use in cooking to flavor and spice, it also has many of the beneficial properties of garlic. Its aroma reminds onion but its flavor is delicate, slightly spicy and is used to flavor many recipes.
It is a shrub-like plant, perennial, up to 40-50 cm high, with a woody stem at the bottom and very branched. The leaves are small and elongated with a color ranging from green more or less intense, gray, silver and covered with thick hair in almost all species. The antibacterial properties are due to a phenol, thymol, contained in all parts of the plant and responsible for the strong scent. It can be used as infusion (in the same way tea) or as a seasoning in the dishes; may also be used, as also happens to menthol, joined to the smoking tobacco, to spice.
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